Redundant – characterized by verbosity or unnecessary repetition in expressing ideas.
I’ve witnessed a great deal of bad grammar throughout this writing journey of mine, and marvel when I hear the same errors in everyday speech. A particular pet peeve is the piling on of intensifiers that turn a simple word into a poorly thought out redundancy. Newscasters, celebrities, and politicians give questionable credence to them, without a thought as to the meanings of the words.
Over the last couple of months, I’ve jotted a number of them down as I’ve read or watched television. Most are redundancies, but some are outright laughable when you think about the meanings of the words.
Think/Thought to myself – who else would you think to?
Exact same/same identical – Per Writer’s Digest: If my pair of pants is exactly like your pair of pants, then—aside from us both having a keen sense of style—we’re wearing the same pants. If you’re comparing items that aren’t exact or the same, then they’re similar—so combining the words to form the phrase “exact same” adds no extra meaning.
On the day I wrote this column, I saw a tweet from a grown man, using exact same. When 140 characters are required, why waste five?
End result – by definition, the result is the end.
Unexpected surprise – surprises are always unexpected. Surprise suffices.
A.M. in the morning/P.M. at night/12 noon/12 midnight – GRR. A.M. is ante meridiem, from the Latin words meridies (midday), ante (before) and post (after), the term ante meridiem (a.m.) means before midday and post meridiem (p.m.) means after midday. Noon and midnight suffice. No need to say twelve for either one.
Armed gunman –if the guy is a gunman, he is armed.
Blend together – to blend is to mix together. You blend the ingredients, not blend them together.
Collaborate together – To collaborate is to work together. You collaborate, not collaborate together.
Added bonus – a bonus is something added.
Free gift/giveaway – LOL A gift or giveaway is always free. Free adds nothing. If free is the selling word, consider Free Book.
Advance notice/planning/reservations/warning: Notices, planning, reservations, and warnings all occur in advance of the event they announce or you prepare for. Advance is an unnecessary qualifier.
Close proximity – proximity, by definition, means closeness.
True fact – facts are truths, sometimes sticky ones.
False pretense – a pretense is a fabrication, false by definition. Perhaps false pretense is a truth. No, it’s bad grammar.
Final outcome – an outcome is final. The use of final here is redundant.
Invited guests – guests are those we invite, so no need to say invited. They wouldn’t be our guests without an invitation. They would be intruders.
Past history – history is always past. Past here is not only redundant, but silly.
Revert back – sillier. To revert is to go back.
Unintended mistake – Does anyone intend to make a mistake? Mistakes are by definition errors, therefore, unintended.
Usual custom – a custom is a habit, routine, tradition. Usual means traditional, customarily, habitual. Usual, in this application, is redundant.
Crystal clear – clear is clear. Adding crystal makes it no more or less clear.
Whole entire – as in, I ate the whole entire pie. Obviously, this is redundant. They mean the same thing.
Every single – every is the better choice.
Literally – you aren’t going to literally die if eat the whole entire pie.
Basically – This one is simply overused.
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My newest release is Beloved Unmasked, where I assure you, you won’t find any of the above.
Blurb: Born to a spiteful prostitute in Storyville, the red-light district in New Orleans, David comes into the world as Picayune, meaning “of little value,” or, as his mother reminds him, “nothing.” In the early 20th century brothels and clubs, his love of music sustains young Pic until a life-changing meeting places him on the road to respectability, and Pic reinvents himself as David Reid.
As David realizes happiness for the first time, conscription forces his friend and first love, Spencer Webb, into the Great War. While he pursues a law degree, letters from Spence connect David to his hopes for the future. After staggering news at war’s end, David must find a way to move forward. Under the tutelage of his benefactor, David’s career prospers, but specters from Storyville threaten all he’s worked so hard to achieve.
The past holds both pain and love. Will facing it head-on destroy David or give him everything he’s ever dared dream?
Born in a small town in upstate New York, Brita Addams has made her home in the sultry south for many years. In the Frog Capital of the World, Brita shares her home with her real-life hero—her husband, and a fat cat named Stormee. All their children are grown.
Given her love of history, Brita writes both het and gay historical romance. Many of her historicals have appeared on category bestseller lists at various online retailers.
Tarnished Gold, the first in her gay romance Tarnished series for Dreamspinner Press, was a winner in the 2013 Rainbow Awards, Historical Romance category. The book also received nominations for Best Historical and Best Book of 2013 from the readers of the Goodreads M/M Romance Group.
A bit of trivia—Brita pronounces her name, Bree-ta, and not Brit-a, like the famous water filter. Brita Addams is a mash-up of her real middle name and her husband’s middle name, with an additional d and s.
Readers can find more information about Brita Addams at any of the following places: Website/Blog || Twitter || Facebook || Fan page || Pinterest || Goodreads || Monthly column at The Novel Approach || Please stay in touch by subscribing to my monthly newsletter || Cold Coffee Café